While traveling the Pacific Coast last summer we went inland to Portland, Oregon and then up I-5 towards Seattle.  On our journey we stopped in the Mount St. Helens area.
Mount St. Helens, 8364 feet high, is in the Cascade Mountain Range in southern Washington.  There are several volcanoes in this range with four alone in Washington State.
Up by the Canadian border, north of Seattle, is Mount Baker,  Next comes Mt. Rainier, a majestic mountain over 14,400 feet high.    Mt. Rainier is full of glaciers and if it blows, the catastrophe, because of the ice particles and amount of people living in the area, will be much worse than the Mt. St. Helens’ eruption.   Behind Rainier is Mt Adams.
When you fly into Seattle you can see all these volcanoes from the air.  And even if there is cloud cover the cones are always sticking out which is a rather surreal sight.
It is hard to believe that it has been over thirty-five years since the eruption.  It was May, 1980 when the mountain blew its top 1,313 feet off and much of the bulging north face.  In March, 2 months earlier, the mountain showed signs of waking up after a 123 year old sleep.  However many people did not believe something that catastrophic would develop.
But when it did, the mountain shot a plume of smoke and ash 80,000 feet into the air and caused a mile wide avalanche that raised Spirit Lake over 200 feet.  Although there was devastating destruction, scientists learned a lot, and that event even caused them to rethink how the Grand Canyon might have been formed.
In 1982 President Ronald Reagan named the region a National Monument.  The area is managed by the U.S. Forest Service with the roads only opened from the end of May until the end of September.
Five miles after you exit the interstate, you will come upon the Mount St. Helens Visitor Center at Silver Lake.  It opened in 1987, and is maintained by the Washington State Park System unlike the rest of the area.
The exhibits there include the area’s culture and history, as well as the natural history and geology of the volcano, and its eruption.  The Center had a gift shop, naturally.  But there is also a theater with an excellent overview film of the eruption and the way the region looked afterwards.
In the three years after the centered opened over one and a half million people stopped there on their way up the mountain.  Obviously it is a very popular place.
After stopping at the Visitor Center you begin the over fifty mile drive to The Johnston Ridge Observatory which is at the end of the road up the mountain. The exhibits there focus on the geologic history of the volcano, eyewitness accounts of the explosion, and the science of monitoring volcanic activity.
As you continue up the mountain you can stop at the Hoffstadt Bluffs Visitor Center, the Forest Learning Center, and various pull-offs where you get different views of the volcano.  There is another road that goes south and east around the volcano that you can take from Portland but there is no way to get to the Johnson Ridge Observatory since Spirit Lake is in the way.
But it is definitely worth the drive to Johnson Ridge.  There are ranger-led programs available every hour, as well as, a half-mile trail with views of the lava dome, crater, pumice plain, and landslide deposit.
There is also a totally awesome movie.  It tells the story of the eruption on a big screen with curtains on each side.  When the movie is over the screen is raised up and the curtains opened to big picture windows.  And right in your line of sight is the volcano.  You won’t soon forget the surprised reaction you feel, nor the gasps you can hear around the room as the volcano is revealed in front of everyone.
So if you find yourself in the Pacific Northwest in the summertime a trip to this volcano should definitely be on your bucket list.

I recently did a tour up the coast of the Pacific Northwest and there is so much beauty in that area it inspired to write about a few of the wonderful sites I saw.  First up is the giant Redwoods of California.

Along the coast of Northern California is Redwood National Park as well as several Redwood State Parks.  Starting north of San Francisco as you go over the Golden Gate Bridge you will be astounded by Muir Woods.  As you walk through the grove of Redwoods over one hundred feet tall, you can’t help but marvel at the old growth forest

If you have been to Yosemite National Park, which I have written about in a previous article, the trees living there are the giant sequoias.  They are slightly shorter but more massive than the trees in Muir Woods and along the coast.

The trees in Muir Woods and as you travel up the California Coast are called Coast Redwoods.  These trees grow in the moist climate of this area with winter rains and summer fog.  They keep so much water in their trunks that even a fire won’t burn them down.

About 120 miles south of Crescent City, which is close to the Oregon border, is where all the Redwood Parks begin.  Coming from San Francisco the first park you enter is the Humboldt Redwoods State Park, the largest remaining old growth forest in the world.  This park has a road that parallels Highway 101 for 32 miles and is called “The Avenue of the Giants.”

If you have all day you can make many stops but if your time is limited I would recommend two stops.  A third stop you might want to consider is where you drive through a giant redwood tree.  I have never been able to do that because I always go through the area on a motor coach and it can’t fit through the tree.

A very important stop in this area is the Humboldt Interpretive and Welcome Center where Charles Kellogg’s “Travel Log” is on display.  Kellogg was a vaudeville performer who imitated bird songs.  He later campaigned for the protection of the California redwood forests.

Kellogg constructed a mobile home, called the “Travel Log”, out of a redwood tree, and drove it around the country to raise awareness of the plight of the California forests. Its maximum speed was 18 mph.  Looking at it you can just picture the man driving around in his log.

There is also a lot of other information about the redwoods at this visitor center and a short but very nice trail you can walk through just across the street.

I also like to make a stop at “The immortal Tree.”  It is so massive and has been hit with lightening and floods but just keeps on growing.  There is also a nice gift shop there where you can actually purchase Redwood products.  There are several other stops you may enjoy but with our limited time, these are the two stops I make.

Coast Redwoods are the tallest known tree species in the world.  They can average from 150-250 feet tall and some are even over 350 feet tall.  They can have diameters of 12-20 feet.  Sometimes it’s fun to take a picture of several people around one of these massive trees.  I not only do this to show the height but especially to see how many people it takes to form a ring around the tree.

These trees can live several hundred years with some even living over 2,000 years.  The bark can be over one foot thick and has resin making for a strong resistance to disease and fire.  However the shallow root system grows latterly rather than down so they are susceptible to high winds and flooding.

Lightening can cause the trees to hollow out and I stood in one once that was totally hollow but standing over 100 feet tall.  It was a very unique experience.

Redwood has a rich red bark and is easy to work with and resistant to rot.  With the lumber industry so important in this area it is amazing there are so many groves left today.  Thank goodness the state of California preserved these giant wonders by creating so many state parks.

So if you are ever out in San Francisco or anywhere in northern California take a detour up the coast to see these giant wonders. It will definitely be worth your while.

With Fall just around the corner here is a great place to visit during that time of the year.
I was once playing a trivia game and the question was, “What state is called The Mountain State?”  Naturally I started thinking Wyoming or Colorado, but I was wrong.  The correct answer which shocked me was…West Virginia.
The state is nestled in the Appalachian Mountains which are the oldest mountain chain in North America.  Because of that you don’t see a lot of tall mountains.  The average is probably 3,000-5,000 feet with a few over 6,000.
But what makes West Virginia “The Mountain State”?   They say they have more mountains in their state than any other state east of the Mississippi.  This state has had its share of troubles from Civil War battles, mountain feuds, and coal mining labor disputes.
But today its scenic beauty, especially in the fall, has made it a haven for skiers, white-water rafters, hikers and anyone who loves the outdoors.  There are covered bridges, caves, and an extensive railway system that was once used for transporting lumber and now carries passengers who want to enjoy the state’s scenic wonders.
And that is the reason I am writing this article.  I wrote a previous piece on West Virginia Autumn Foliage and that is truly a wonderful time to visit the state.  But our new tour, with Mayflower Tours, runs both in the summer and fall.
The tour is called “West Virginia Mountain Rails and Trails” and you are treated to four different train rides in the state on this seven day adventure.  You fly into Pittsburgh which is another Eastern city that has made a turn around and is quite beautiful.
From there you transfer to your hotel in Morgantown.  We ride a prototype people mover around Don Knott’s hometown and see all the sights where he grew up.
Later that day we have dinner aboard the Potomac Eagle Scenic Railroad.   This excursion follows the South Branch of the Potomac River through a scenic valley and steep mountains filled with evergreens.  You may even spot a bald eagle along this journey.
The next day is on to the Seneca Rocks National Recreation Area and later we board the Cass Scenic Railroad for a journey up the mountain to Whittaker Station and a logging camp.  Old steam Shay or Heisler locomotives, that once hauled the logging trains, will take us on this adventure.
The Greenbriar with the Bunker is one of my favorite places to visit.  This stop awaits us the next day.  I wrote about this place extensively in my other West Virginia article if you would like to read more about this stop.
We continue on to the Beckley Exhibition Coal Mine where we travel underground in authentic mining cars.  The New River Gorge, one of America’s newest National Parks, is our next stop.  We even ride a covered jetboat on the river.
Finally our last day is full of adventure.  First up we ride the steam-powered Durbin Rocket along the Greenbriar River.  A Climax 1910 steam locomotive takes us on a 10 & ½ mile 2 hour journey with both scenic mountain, as well as river views.
Next up have a hobo lunch while we climb Cheat Mountain aboard the Salamander and finish the day with dinner at the Railyard Restaurant and ending with an evening of live entertainment at the American Mountain Theater.  At the theater we are treated to a mixture of country, gospel, bluegrass, pop, and patriotic music.
There is definitely a lot of adventure on this tour as well as scenic beauty that will take your breath away.  Whether you take an escorted tour or make up your own with Fall nearly here you may want to definitely consider visiting the “The Mountain State.”

In Part 1 I talked about a recent tour to the province of Alberta in Canada with the highlight being the 103rd Calgary Stampede which takes place every year in July.  Dubbed “The Greatest Outdoor Show on Earth” it is similar to our state
fairs.  It also includes a world famous rodeo where the toughest Wild West cowboys and cowgirls show off their skills.
When we arrived in Banff we were early enough to take the Gondola Ride to the
peak of Sulphur Mt.  When you reach the top you have panoramic views of the village and valley below.  We also made a stop at Bow Falls.
Bow Falls is a wide river waterfall situated in the backside of Banff.  We strolled along a walkway to see this waterfall which gave us views from above the falls as well as the rapids and cascades further upstream. Whenever we looked downstream from the falls we would see the river twisting its way before tall mountains including the oddly sloped Mt Rundle. If you remember the movie “The River of No Return” with Marilyn Monroe and Robert Mitchum this is where the movie was filmed.
We spent two nights in Banff with an excursion the next day along the Icefields Parkway, North America’s most scenic highway. Each year millions of visitors come to Banff to marvel at the emerald waters of Lake Louise and drive beneath the towering jagged peaks lining the Icefields Parkway.  There are hundreds of breathtaking sights including a series of emerald-green alpine lakes fed by nearby glaciers. Pictures do not do justice to the awesome colors of these lakes.
Our first stop was the Columbia Icefield for a ride out onto the Athabasca Glacier in a specialized Snocoach.  The Athabasca Glacier is part of the Columbia Icefields, located at the Continental Divide.
The first time I visited the Icefield and living in a Northern state, driving and walking on infinite layers of ice did not seem like it would be that big of
a deal to me.  However as they began explaining about the definition of a glacier it became interesting.
To be considered a true glacier the ice has to be at least 25 acres wide and 100 feet deep.  And it has to move.  In this area we could see areas where the ice was over 400-500 feet thick.  When you realize what you are driving on, it makes the experience much more fascinating.   Some of the ice we travelled over was created by snow over 400 years old.
Being on the glacier, I felt like we were on the surface of the moon. The crevices and craters revealed beautiful streaks of electric blue.  When we got out I
filled my water bottle with water from the gurgling stream.  It was very crisp and refreshing and they claim very pure.
As we walked around, we had to watch out for the crevices and fissures.  You
definitely wouldn’t want to fall in.  The ice on the glacier is said to be as deep as the Eiffel Tower is high.  The first time I stood on the white-blue ancient ice of the Athabasca Glacier fulfilled a lifelong dream I never knew I had.
If you have a bucket list, you definitely want to put this experience on it. A word of warning:  I was here about five years previously and it is scary how much the ice has shrunk.  This is something you may want to see sooner rather than later.
Our next stop and another highlight was a visit to beautiful Lake Louise and its famous Chateau. The setting is one of the most picturesque in the Rockies with the hotel set against the backdrop of the deep emerald waters of the lake.  Staying here can be extremely costly but visiting and having “high tea” is a wonderful experience.
Chateau Lake Louise is a Fairmont Hotel on the eastern shore of Lake Louise.  The original Chateau was built in stages at the end of the 19th and the beginning
of the 20th century by the Canadian Pacific Railway.  It is a “kin” to its predecessor, the Banff Springs Hotel.
Just as Hill and the Great Northern Railway built the hotels and chalets in Glacier National Park to lure Easterners out to visit the park, the Canadian Pacific did the same thing in their Park.  If you see pictures of Chateau Lake Louise you will understand how stunning the place looks.
Lake Louise was named Lake of the Little Fishes by the First Nations and is a glacial lake.  It is located about three miles west of the Hamlet of Lake Louise and the Trans-Canada Highway 1.  The lake is named after Princess Louise
Caroline Alberta, the fourth daughter of Queen Victoria.
As you look at the lake you can see the surrounding mountains reflected on the emerald green waters of this glacial fed lake.  It is truly a sight to behold.
I am not going to talk about Jasper in this article although that is another famous town in the area.  This tour I was on did not go there so I will
save that for a future article but that town is even more remote and animal sightings are common rather than rare.
We had free time the next morning in Banff before boarding our motorcoach for the one and half hour trip out of the Rockies and back to the Plains where Calgary is located.
We were headed to the Stampede.  From the chuck wagon races and bull riding to the music and the midway, the Stampede is an annual Calgary event not to be
missed. With over one million visitors per year, you can expect crowds at this
ten-day event.
The event is so popular that the city nicknamed itself “Stampede City” and, affectionately, “Cowtown”.   There’s a tournament-style rodeo with professional athletes; horse racing with a $1.15 million dollar prize; famous pop, country, and rock musicians; water shows; fireworks and rodeo games for all.
After checking into our hotel we headed to the GMC Rangeland Derby and  Grandstand Show. The Derby is the world’s premier chuckwagon racing event complete with 36 drivers, 288 horses and their teams of outriders vying for the over one million dollars in prize money. This is the Stampede’s most renowned event!
The Grandstand show at the end of the evening features the Volte. This stunning program includes a rock opera musical score and gravity defying sights as well as fireworks and performing black stallions.
Organized by thousands of volunteers and supported by civic leaders, the Calgary Stampede has grown into one of the world’s richest rodeos and one of Canada’s largest festivals.  It is a significant tourist attraction for the city. The rodeo and chuckwagon racing events are televised across Canada and you can even find American film stars sitting in the bleachers.
The next day we were free all day to explore the rodeo on our own.  We saw displays, attractions, and events including the Art and Lifestyle Showcase, nonstop entertainment on the Windsor of the West Stage, and many creative arts and crafts.  We also visited the Co-Op Kitchen Theater where some of the world’s top entertainers performed.
Finally our last day in Calgary arrived with the morning free to continue our exploration around the Stampede.  That afternoon we concluded our Stampede visit by experiencing the thrill of one of the world’s all-time greatest rodeos. The six major events we saw were Bareback and Bull Riding, Barrel Racing, Saddle Bronc, Steer Wrestling and Tie-Down Roping.  These events are the backbone of the Stampede Rodeo.
All too soon our time in the area was over.  That evening we boarded our motorcoach for the trip back to Lethridge and the next day we were once again on the Empire Builder headed back to Chicago.  The Canadian Rockies and Calgary Stampede…what an awesome adventure!


Last summer I did a tour to the province of Alberta in Canada with the highlight being the 103rd CalgaryStampede which takes place every year in July.

Dubbed “The Greatest Outdoor Show on Earth” it is similar to our state
fairs.  It also includes a world famous rodeo where the toughest Wild West cowboys and cowgirls show off their skills.

We took the Amtrak train, the Empire Builder, to Shelby, Montana where we boarded our motorcoach to take us overnight to Lethbridge.    Located on the Oldman River, this is the largest city in southern Alberta and the fourth-largest in the province.  Because the Canadian Rockies are nearby this contributes to the city’s cool summers, mild winters, and windy climate.

As we journeyed through the plains, we could see the mountains looming ahead.  The Blackfeet in Montana called the area “the backbone of the world” and it looks like a backbone as you drive towards them.

To understand the Plains area, you need to know about the people who lived there. I could do a whole article on the Plains Indians but for now you should know these Native Americans were nomadic, lived in tepees and followed the great buffalo herds for their survival. Natives in Canada are treated much better than their American counterparts and are known as The First Nations.

There are many mesas out on the plains (think mountains that look like large tables) and some of them were used as buffalo jumps in the old days.  The Natives would creep up behind the herd and stampede it onto a mesa where they would run to the end and fall off the steep cliffs.  Native women and children waited below ready to help with the process of preparing the buffalo for their food, clothing and other essentials they used from the dead animals.  The Natives even said a prayer of thanks after they had a good hunt.

Our first stop on the way to Banff was Head-Smashed-In Buffalo
Jump.  It looks like any other Canadian Rockies foothill area, but this is a UNESCO World Heritage site that contains 6,000 years of Native history beneath its grassy surface. Head-Smashed-In
Buffalo Jump is the best preserved of these type of sites. The five-floor interpretive center, which is cleverly disguised in the hillside, is considered a Canadian Signature Experience for how it guides visitors chronologically through the area’s rich history.

From there it was onto Banff.  Funny how climbing to what feels like the top of the world can make you feel so small. The Canadian Rockies are a wonderful place to find peace of mind.  You know you are definitely in a different world.

I have had travelers ask me if there is a difference between the American Rockies and the Canadian Rockies.  The answer is a definite “yes.”  The Colorado Rockies are a second set of mountains.  The first ones eroded down to nothing and were replaced by the granite mountains we see today.  Earthquakes and volcanoes created those mountains.  Naturally this did not happen overnight.

Another difference is Colorado has fifty-six mountains over 14,000 feet.
But they don’t look much taller than their Canadian counterparts because often in Colorado you are already six to eight thousand feet when looking up at the summits.

The Canadian Rockies are still the old limestone mountains and have eroded into beautiful shapes creating the difference in the way the two sets of mountains look.  Also, even though they tend to be only five to
six thousand feet high, you are most often on a valley floor looking up at them so they seem as tall as the American ones..

As we left the Plains, our overnight destination was located in Banff National Park situated in the heart of the Canadian Rockies.  The beauty of the natural wonders of this area is unbelievable.  You can see lush forests, mighty fast flowing pristine rivers, emerald
lakes, and immense glaciers while crisp mountain air surrounds you.

But be prepared.  This is the great outdoors. Not only is this home to wildlife such as elk, deer, sheep, black bears, and grizzly bears, but seasonal weather—including flash floods and falling trees—can make some areas dangerous.  That is why an escorted tour is so great.  You have a guide who not only describes what you are seeing but also takes you to all the important places safely.

Next blog:  More on the Canadian Rockies and Calgary Stampede.

With the new year, Lent will be coming and that means one thing in the South–Mardi Gras. And the biggest one happens in New Orleans.

Recently my company developed a new tour that goes to New Orleans.  I have been to that city many times and it’s a fun place to visit, especially if you like to eat and drink.  You’ll find bowls filled to the rim with gumbo, late nights in dark jazz clubs, and strolls through historic neighborhoods.  There are many festivals throughout the year, including the most famous one, Mardi Gras.

New Orleans is one of the world’s most fascinating cities and home to a truly unique melting pot of culture, food and music.  The people who came to the city arrived from Europe, the Caribbean, and Africa.

There are Cajuns and Creoles.  The difference?  Mainly it has to do with how they migrated since both groups are strongly influenced by French culture.
The Cajuns came from Acadia in Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island, and
New Brunswick regions of Canada. The British were worried they would rise up
and fight on the side with the French during the French and Indian War so they expelled them from the region

The Creoles are made up of people from Spain, Africa, the Caribbean and many other regions. Their cuisine is different as to spiciness and they tend to include
elements of African, Native American or Caribbean culture into their music and
faith. Cajuns usually use a jazz or blues style and lean toward Catholicism.

New Orleans is a major United States port and the largest city in Louisiana.  The population in the city is approximately 344,000 with over a million in the greater metro area.  Since the city is on the Mississippi River and the river bends, the town is also called Crescent City.

After the Louisiana Purchase in 1803 the city grew rapidly with influxes of Americans, French, Creoles, and Africans. Later immigrants were the Irish, Germans, and Italians. Sugar and cotton produced on large plantations outside the city helped the economy grow.

The city’s expansion was due to a drainage plan designed to drain huge tracts of swamp and marshland and expand into low-lying areas. However over the years these newly populated areas declined to several feet below sea level, leaving the city like a bowl.  Even today when we are on tour there, buses are no longer allowed into the French Quarter.  They fear the streets could crack under the weight of these heavy vehicles.  Instead we have to stay on the perimeter and then walk in to the Quarter.

During Hurricane Katrina the levees tipped over and Lake Ponchatrain spilled in decimating much of the city.  However the French Quarter and St. Charles
Historic district remained intact with little flooding since they are on much higher ground.

There is very distinct old architectural style found in the French Quarter.   When
you see balcony buildings with lots of wrought iron you are probably in the
city. Remember the town is several hundred years old and is also in the humid South.  I had one traveler who was very disappointed when he saw the French Quarter for the first time.  He thought it was dirty and run down.  But that is New Orleans.

People drink and eat on Bourbon Street every day and at night they close the street to vehicle traffic.  The partygoers throw their garbage and cups in the street.  Every morning the trucks come in and sweep up the garbage and then they hose the street down.  I know that sounds yucky but it works.

There is a lot to do around the city.  On our tour we go to the National World War II Museum which is an excellent attraction.  We also have a step on guide who takes us all over the city.  But if you are not on an escorted tour you
can ride the trolleys and see the famous St. Charles Avenue with all the famous
mansions.  This street is also part of the Mardi Gras parade route and months later you will still see Mardi Gras beads hanging from trees and electric wires.

We also go to a cemetery to better understand the unique burial system in the city.  You’ll never see any movie or Television show with New Orleans as the setting without seeing one of the famous cemeteries.

It is best to take some type of tour or trolley to become familiar with the city.
They don’t call it “The Crescent City” for nothing.  Streets can bend in all kinds of weird directions.  On top of that the Americans and French did
not get along very well back in the 1800’s.  So they built many boulevards where they could meet since this was considered neutral ground.

And the main thoroughfare leading to the French Quarter is called Canal Street.
It is one of the widest streets in America due to the fact it separated the two cultures.  Here all the streets have different names when they cross Canal.  One side is the American named street and the other, the French named street.  So when St. Charles Ave gets to Canal Street, the name is changed to Royal.  And,
Bourbon changes to Carondelet.

If that gets too confusing for you, don’t worry.  Get to historic Jackson Square
and find a restaurant that serves Gumbo, PoBoys or Muffalettas.  For dessert
you’re off to Café du Monde for beignets and coffee as you watch the street
people and artists selling their wares.

After that if walking the Quarter doesn’t do much for you take a horse and buggy ride or have a bicyclist ride you around.  After all you need to save yourself for serious partying that evening.

That is why the city is called “The Big Easy.”

Memphis: Music and Food

When you think Memphis, hopefully you think music and food.
Of course there is so much more but the city is world famous for Rock N’
Roll, Soul, and Blues music, as well as Barbeque, especially ribs.
Memphis is one of the few cities in the US that even has awesome food at their airport!

The city has a population of just under 655,000 making it the largest city in the state of Tennessee, although Nashville’s metropolitan area is larger.  It is also the largest city on the Mississippi River.

I always tell my travelers that in olden times  “the rivers were the roads.”  Since the city is located on a large bluff rising from the Mississippi River, the town site has been a natural location for human settlement.

The Mound Builders settled in the area thousands of years ago and there is a lot of evidence of their existence here.  De Soto, the explorer, broke off from Coronado in the 1540’s and traveled the river.  These men were searching for the Lost Cities of Gold, which of course obviously they never found.  Then in the mid 1600’s Marquette and Joliet traveled the river all the way up to Wisconsin and Michigan in their quest to civilize the natives and save souls.

Since the city had a large slave trade the people voted to seceded from the Union in June 1861, and briefly became a Confederate stronghold. However ironclad gunboats captured the city in June 1862 and the town was occupied by the Union Army for the duration of the war.  The presence of the Union Army attracted many fugitive slaves to the city and the black population of Memphis increased from 3,000 in 1860 to nearly 20,000 in 1865.

In the 1870’s plagues ran rampant all over the United States (these illnesses decimated the Native American populations out West) and over half of the population of Memphis died.  Robert Church became the first African American millionaire and he did this by buying up properties of the deceased with no living relatives.

The city is the home of founders and pioneers of various American music genres, including soul, blues, gospel, and rock n’ roll. Many musicians, including Aretha Franklin, Jerry Lee Lewis, Johnny Cash, Elvis Presley, Carl Perkins, Roy Orbison, Booker T. & the MG’s , Otis Redding, Isaac Hayes, Sam & Dave, and B.B. King, got their start in Memphis in the 1950s and 1960s.  Both Sun Records and Stax Records are reminders of this colorful time.

The famous Beale Street is a national historical landmark, and shows the impact Memphis has had on American blues.  Any night but especially on weekends, people come out dressed in their finest to visit the restaurants and clubs that made this area famous or should I say “infamous.”.

There are also many museums in the area as well as A. Schwab’s famous dry goods store that advertises “if we don’t have it, you don’t need it.”  I had one passenger get really excited when he saw some toys for sale he remembers playing with back in the 1950’s and 1960’s.

And there are so many other places to visit in the area.  First, I have to mention the most famous: Elvis Presley’s Graceland.  No matter what you think of Elvis’ taste, this 14 acre estate where you see how he lived, including the “jungle room”  and his gold records, awards and costumes is worth at least a one time visit.

Don’t forget to atop by Sam Philips’ Sun Studio which is opened for tours. Elvis, Johnny Cash, Jerry Lee Lewis, Carl Perkins and Roy Orbison all made their first recordings there, and were “discovered” by Phillips. Many great blues artists also recorded there, such as W.C. Handy, Father of the Blues.

Another “must” stop as mentioned previously is Stax Records which created a classic 1960s soul music sound.  Booker T. and the M.G.s
were the label’s big band for most of the classic hits that came out of
Stax.  But also Otis Redding, Wilson Pickett, and many others recorded
there. This music still lives on in the Blues Brothers movie, in which many of the musicians starred as themselves.

There is a trolley that runs all over the downtown so you don’t have to find a place to park. And this gives you your bearings for all the great sites to visit. Be sure and walk into the Peabody hotel to see the famous
ducks.  And just on the other side of Beale Street is the Lorraine Motel
where Martin Luther King, Jr. was shot.  Every day a bouquet of flowers is placed on the 2nd story at the site of the shooting.  The National Civil
Rights Museum is also located there and definitely worth a visit.

While in Memphis be sure and have a piece of pie.  But remember as the dumb laws for Tennessee state “all pie must be eaten on the premise.  No pie may be taken out!”  Where that law came from is anyone’s guess.